Why are prepositions important?
Unfortunately, most of our early encounters with a written form of communication is via Instant Messaging or SMS services. These modes of communication are essentially one to one form of online communication. These forms of online communications are primarily personal in nature. Official communication calls for proper channels of communication following the rules of grammar. To achieve proper grammar, one has to identify the basic parts of speech. Prepositions are one of the eight parts of speech.
What is a preposition?
Prepositions are linkers. They link groups of words. Nouns, pronouns and phrases to other parts in a sentence. Prepositions indicate the relation between things in a sentence. A preposition locates a noun and links it to the other part of the sentence. Simply put, preposition is a part of speech which introduces a prepositional phrase.
Let’s examine some examples:-
1) The cat sleeps on the sofa.
Here on is the preposition and it introduces the prepositional phrase “the sofa”.
2) We drove to the store.
Here to is the preposition and it introduces the prepositional phrase “the store”
Preposition can only be followed by a noun or a sentence depending upon the proposition.
Particle and Prepositions
Prepositions do not alter the meaning of the verbs preceding them. Particles are phrasal verbs i.e. they are a part of the phrase.
Jack ran up the bill.
In this example, ran up is a phrase. Hence here up is a particle.
Jack ran up the hill.
Here, up is used as a preposition.
Let’s examine some of the confusing prepositions.
At preposition is used to mention a particular time. E.g. At midnight.
On preposition is used for certain dates and days .E.g. On his anniversary.
In preposition is used for period of time. E.g. In an year.
For preposition is used to express a period of time. E.g. I have been on this case for two years now.
While preposition is used when more than one action is involved. E.g. The thief sneaked into their houses while they were holidaying.
During preposition is used to indicate the duration of the action. E.g. He learnt guitar during his summer vacation.
Since preposition is used with a specific date or time. E.g. They have been living here since 1990.
Some Common Prepositions