Confusing words

Here are some more words those con­fuses us in gen­eral usage:

  • Endemic and epi­demic: Both refer to dis­eases. If a dis­ease is endemic it is com­mon in an area of pop­u­la­tion and peo­ple are likely to be exposed to it. An endemic refers to a wide­spread dis­ease in a region.
  • Flaunt and flout: Flaunt is some­thing that is to show off and flout is to dis­re­gard some­thing out of disrespect.
  • Gourmet and gour­mand: A gourmet is an expert in the appre­ci­a­tion of the fine food, whereas gour­mand is more inter­ested in quan­tity rather than qual­ity. Gour­man­dize is to stuff food like a glutton.
  • Homo­ge­neous and homoge­nous: Homo­ge­neous means “of a sim­i­lar kind” and homoge­nous means hav­ing a com­mon origin.
  • Immu­nity and impunity: Immu­nity is to resist from a dis­ease and pre­vent from being affected by it. Impunity is free­dom from harm­ful con­se­quences or from a punishment.
  • Inapt and inept: Both are derived from the word apt. Inapt has the same not suit­able or inap­pro­pri­ate and inept is naïve or gauche or not skilful.
  • Inge­nious and ingen­u­ous: some­one who is inge­nious is clever and who is ingen­u­ous is naïve.
  • Founder (noun) and founder (verb): Founder (noun) is the per­son who estab­lished some­thing. Founder (verb) is to sink or drown.
  • Amenable and ami­able: some­one who is amenable is obe­di­ent and agree­able and some­one who is ami­able is friendly and agreeable.
  • Cliché and clique: cliché is an overused idea or say­ing and a clique is an exclu­sive group of peo­ple who are bound by some sim­i­lar qual­ity or interest.
  • Cre­dence and cred­i­bil­ity: Belief in or accep­tance of some­thing as true is known as cre­dence. Cred­i­bil­ity is the fea­tures that make some­thing believ­able give it credibility.
  • Cred­i­ble and cred­u­lous: Some­thing that is cred­i­ble is believ­able and not gullible. Cred­u­lous is gullible which is appar­ent to be believ­able but actu­ally not and makes eager to be believable.
  • Dep­re­cate and depre­ci­ate: if you dep­re­cate some­thing you show dis­ap­proval of it. If some­thing depre­ci­ates its value falls. If you dep­re­cate some­thing, you think lit­tle of it. Depre­ci­ate is close to that of dep­re­cate but dep­re­cate is stronger and more emo­tional involvement.
  • Exalt and exult: Exalt is to praise and rais­ing them up. To exult is to rejoice and tri­umphant elation.
  • Face­tious and fac­tious: Face­tious is using inap­pro­pri­ate humor and not silly and fac­tious is fool­ish, silly and idiotic.
  • Expe­di­ent and expe­di­tious: to expe­di­ent is to fas­ten the work and make it speedy. Expe­di­tious is quick and efficient.
  • Fac­ti­tious and fic­ti­tious: while “fac­ti­tious” means arti­fi­cially achieved, “fic­ti­tious” means invented. So a politi­cian might gen­er­ate a fac­ti­tious body of opin­ion in favor of some­thing by spread­ing rumors.
  • Equable and equi­table: An equi­table set­tle­ment is fair to both sides. Equi­table is also equal and impartial.
  • Ego­ist and ego­tist: Ego­ist is a per­son who always thinks that he should be first and only believes only in self advance­ments. Ego­tist is a per­son who always talks about his accomplishments.
  • Empa­thy and sym­pa­thy: if we have sym­pa­thy towards any­one then we will have fel­low feel­ing for them and empa­thy is the abil­ity to imag­ine our­selves in that position.

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