English language is peculiar because when you write a sentence, you will not be able to realize that you have made a mistake because when you read it casually, it sounds like a correct sentence. When you probe it carefully, you can find a mistake either in spelling, sentence formation or in grammar. Of all these three, identifying an erroneous grammar is tough is tricky because it has got many rules and exceptions. In this article, we are going to talk about some of the common grammatical errors that many of us make in day-to-day life.
Try to read the following sentence aloud
It is I who is relieved from the pain.
When you read the above sentence, you don’t think that there is any error, do you? Even I didn’t realize that there is a grammatical error until I read it carefully for second time. The second “is” is the relative pronoun in the above sentence must agree with the person “I” and number of their antecedents. The relative pronoun of I is “am”. Hence the correct form of the above sentence is
It is I who am relieved from the pain.
To avoid these kinds of mistakes, write simple sentence like, I am relieved from the pain. This will avoid making of mistakes. This error is known as grammatical agreement, “Concord” in technical terms. Concord: The rules of syntax that tell the linked nouns, pronouns to be consistent in gender, number, case, person.
The following are some of the common mistakes made in English grammar in the context of concord.
Mixing of singular and plural pronouns: Mixing of singular and plural expressions in a sentence is one of the primary reasons for making grammatical mistakes in sentence creation. This happens in various parts of speech viz., nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives. Some singular words appear like plural words and we tend to use plural pronouns/verbs while constructing sentences with them. The below example will make it clear
•Everyone played their role properly in the skit (incorrect)
•Everyone played his or her role properly in the skit (correct)
Here everyone is a singular noun, hence the corresponding pronoun also should be in singular form i.e., his/her not in plural form [them]. This is same in case of nouns like someone, anyone, firm, company etc.
Mixing of singular and plural adjectives: Read the below example to know the acceptance between adjectives and noun.
•I don’t eat those kind of apples (incorrect)
•I don’t eat that kind of apples (correct)
•I don’t eat those kinds of apples (correct)
•If singular, the noun kind needs to be qualified by the singular possessive pronoun that. If plural, it needs the plural pronoun those.
Read the following are examples to understand concord concept more evidently
•Neither he nor I were there (incorrect)
•Neither he nor I was there (correct)
•The idea of the members are not good (incorrect)
•The idea of the members is not good (correct)
•The ideas of the members are not good (correct)
•It is me who helped him (incorrect)
•It is I who helped him (correct)
We hope you understood the correct usage of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives in a sentence. Still, if you have any doubt, please feel free to ask here.